Bed bugs are a type of insect that feed on blood of humans and animals. They are called bed bugs because of their habit of taking refuge in beds. Bedbugs are oval in shape, reddish brown in color and about the size of an apple seed. You can find Bed bugs in your bed, bed frame, mattress, sheet covers, box springs, inside other furniture, behind baseboards, wallpaper, picture frames and inside electrical switch plates.
The three main types of bed bugs that feed on human blood are C. lectularius, C. hemipterus, and L. boueti.
C. Lectularius and C. Hemipterus
C. lectularius and C. hemipterus are found in Europe and USA. They are often found in beds, sofas, carpets, mattresses and other household items.
L. boueti is only found in South America and West Africa due to the tropical environment of these parts of the world. L. boueti feed on the blood of bats and their encounter with humans is very rare.