There are many factors that affect the quality of a bed sheet but Weaving and Thread count are two most important ones.
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Weaving is a production method in textile industry in which two separate sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at a specific angle to form one fabric or a piece of cloth. This can be done with hands or a loom. Other methods include knitting, crocheting, felting, and braiding.
The type of weave of a bed sheet is also an important factor. A weaving technique can determine the durability, smoothness and overall quality of bed sheet. There are many types of weaves but most common ones are as follow.
Percale is a grid like and closely woven weave that feels light and crisp. The fabric made with percale weave has a higher thread count.
Bed Sheets made with satin weave feels silky smooth. Satin weave gives sheet a softer and glossier look. The fabric is characterized by a smooth surface and usually a lustrous face and dull back. Satin weave is used in a wide variety of weights depending on the usage of end product.
Heavy bed sheets often have this type of weave. Twill weave produces a fabric that is heavy and can be soft or crisp. In common twill weave a diagonal line is repeated over and over at an angle of 45 from left to right.
Plain weave is also known as Tabby Weave, It is the most common type of weave used in bed sheet industry. It is made by passing each filling yarn over and under the each warp yarn. The rows thus formed are alternated to form maximum no of intersections which improves the strength of bed sheet. Bed Sheets made with Plain Weave have no right or wrong sides.
Jersey sheets are made with a flat knit that keeps them soft but they are also slippery and can come off bed again and again.
Thread count is number of horizontal and vertical threads or yarns per square inch. Thread count is also consider as a measure of quality of bed sheet. Tests have found that bed sheet with thread counts like 300 to 400 or greater are much more durable. Thread count is also often written on the packet of bed sheet.
Thread count determines the strength and fineness of the bed sheet. Also the high ranges of thread counts make the bed sheet softer but it’s not a general rule because the softness of bed sheet also depends on weave and fabric. Bed Sheets with higher thread counts are heavier than the one’s with lower thread count.